by James Trollope

Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s stay in Port Vendres nearly a century ago is well known but the story of his two artist friends who settled in Collioure a little earlier has yet to be told.

Rudolph Ihlee (1883-1968) and Edgar Hereford (1886-1953) arrived in the P-O in 1922 and encouraged the Scottish architect and his wife Margaret to become neighbours in exile. A series of letters from Mackintosh reveals a close bond with the two British painters. When Mackintosh became ill with cancer it was Ihlee who accompanied him back to London in 1927.

Ihlee lived in Collioure until 1940 producing more than 200 paintings of the town and its surroundings.

An image of the Chateau Royal in 1924, L’heure de la Soupe, shows Senegalese soldiers (tirailleurs) on a meal break.

Another, The Red Arch, dated 1926, shows a woman returning with a load of brushwood under the Pont du Douy opposite the town’s tannery.

Hereford, although less prolific, stayed even longer. Both men, who had been students together at the Slade, met their wives in France.

In preparation for a book, Rudolph Ihlee:The Road to Collioure, I am still trying to identify the location of some of the pair’s landscapes and wonder if anyone can help.

Landscape with Cat by Rudolph Ihlee, 1926

Landscape with Cat, which Ihlee painted in 1926, may be an imagined scene but perhaps someone can recognise an actual place.

Saint- Paul- de- Fenouillet, c1926, by Hereford is even more of a puzzle. Although the title would seem to be self-explanatory, it didn’t ring a bell with anyone at the local Mairie.

Saint-Paul-de-Fenouillet by Edgar Hereford, c1926

The art publishers Lund Humphries plan to produce the book next year when it’s possible some of Ihlee’s paintings will be exhibited at the Musée in Collioure. If anyone has any information please contact me on HERE

James Trollope is a writer who has had a house in Les Aspres since 1994


  1. Many thanks Simon for that feedback. It’s great to know you enjoyed the book and I hope you get the chance to got to the musée at Collioure to see some work by Ihlee. Hereford and Mackintosh – 3 friends who enjoyed the P-O together in the 1920s.

  2. Hello James,

    This is just to say how much I enjoyed your book on Rudolph Ihlee. He is an artist who needed to be ‘rescued’ from relative obscurity and your book has not only achieved that admirably but hopefully has raised his profile by demonstrating just how very talented he was. Maybe your publication will now precipitate a major Ihlee retrospective in the near future.

    The book was a delightful feast for the eye. To see and linger over the 50 or so paintings you have managed to ‘collate’ for the book was a real pleasure. And your text additionally provided a most interesting biography, particularly in the way you linked many of the paintings to his working life.

    It was a pleasant surprise to also come across a new artist to me – Edgar Hereford – whose work (at least as seen in your book) has a remarkable similarity to Ihlee’s style. I wonder how much influence each artist had on the other!

    I note that you briefly mention that Ethelbert White also stayed in nearby Port Vendres at some time in the 1920s. He is surely another ‘lost’ highly talented artist of the period who also deserves to be brought into the daylight once more. Maybe the subject for your next book?!

    Thank you again for researching and writing such a marvellous book.

    Best wishes,


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