Stephen Maturin – Multicultural Catalan

He had come to The University well prepared as a graduate of the Dublin School of Medicine.

His Irish father and Catalan mother had died when he was young, and he had been raised by his godfather at the family estate in the Province of Lérida, in Catalonia.

For him, the Revolution was exhilarating.

July 1789 was a chaotic month to be a student in Paris, yet Don Esteban Maturin y Domanova was unperturbed.

But his ardour cooled by 1793, as France under Bonaparte opposed Catalan independence.

That shift and the events of 1800 defined his career.

At a concert in Port Mahon, Minorca, he met Jack Aubrey, a British navy officer, who was in need of a doctor for his ship, the HMS Sophie.

So he signed on, under the shorter name of Stephen Maturin. That began a lasting friendship and long duty with the British navy as well as service on land, where he became a spy for British naval intelligence during the Napoleonic wars.

Though busy doctoring on a ship at war, Maturin pursued other interests.

He became a skilled naturalist and a member of the Royal Society, specialising on the studies of birds, beetles and tortoises. He was an accomplished cellist and often played duets with Aubury, a violinist.

The record of the engagements of the HMS Sophie fill 20 volumes, two made into a film and many detailing action off the coast of what now is the Pyrénées-Orientales.

Likewise, several skirmishes on land were in the Pyrénées-Orientales, as when Aubury and Maturin fled French pursuers over the border into Spain at a point about 7 km east of Le Perthus, Aubury disguised in a bearskin.

He even took part in the famous dance of Catalonia, the sardane, when put ashore on the Catalan coast as a spy. ‘”You danced!” says Jack in amazement.’

It’s the stuff of great fiction – which, of course, it is.

Dr. Maturin, Master and Commander Aubury, the HMS Sophie and all the incidents are accurate though fictional portrayals of early 19th century life on board a British navy warship, from the hand of Patrick O’Brian (1914-2000), who lived in Collioure from 1949 on and wrote many of the Aubury-Maturin sea stories there.



Look out for another work by O’Brian, ‘The Catalans‘ , a novel about a fictitious  regional family with many detailed descriptions  of the vendange, the sardane  and Collioure in the 1950s.


  1. Maturin may well have been completely fictional, but Captain Jack Aubry’s adventures were to some extent based on the real life exploits of Admiral Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald and Marquess of Maranhão. He also inspired the novels of Captain Maryatt and CS Forester.

    Cochrane was certainly a larger than life character, who allegedly attempted to defraud the stock market by faking Napoleon’s death, and served in other navies around the world – in Chile, where the Chilean navy still have a ship named after him, as well as in Brazil and Greece. He also has a Catalan connection, having helped defend the Castell de la Trinitat at Roses when it was besieged by the French.

    I grew up in Derry, Ireland in the 1950s-1960s and a gentleman named Dickie Cochrane was a prominent businessman there. He was a descendant of Admiral Cochrane, his great grandson, I think, and lived in a large house in Donegal. I accompanied my parents on a visit there once, and was shown his illustrious ancestor’s uniform displayed on a mannequin.

    Dickie Cochrane was himself a bit of a character who gave his shop a makeover on a couple of occasions and invited a celebrity to the Grand Reopening. On one occasion it was Michael Miles, Quiz Inquisitor on Take Your Pick who is now largely forgotten. The one that everyone remembers is the day James Bond came to town. The suave Roger Moore came and officiated at the reopening of Cavendishes, although it was in his pre-Bond days, when he was The Saint, Simon Templar.

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