Between now and 2021, the ERDF will install 28 million ‘smart’ meters to replace electricity meters.

According to a European Commission directive issued by Brussels in 2006, France is legally obliged to change 80% of its meters to smart meters by 2020 following a European Commission directive issued by Brussels in 2006.

The ‘Linky’ communicates directly with the electricity provider, transmitted via a technology called Power-line communication (PLC), giving  more accurate user information,  more precise billing. It also means a technician no longer needs to come to individual homes to check their meters.

Many households across the country have refused to allow the Linky to be installed in their home. In several cases, the refusal has been allowed by a French court of law, although many more applications have been rejected.

Some have put padlocks on their meters, others live in towns whose councils have refused to work with Enedis.


Thousands of people across France have been refusing the mandatory installation of the Linky  because of medical concerns over the electromagnetic waves emitted from them, citing various disorders such as headaches or sleep problems, arising after the installation. Some are also worried about how their energy information will be used, although in theory, access to meter data  must be agreed on by  users.

For now, the installation is free, but resistors could end up paying for this obligatory service, at a cost of  €150 to €200, in the future.

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